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Is SSPC-SP 8 specified for pickling before galvanizing?

Pickle Bath

SSPC-SP 8 is a surface preparation standard intended for acid pickling to be performed immediately prior to painting. As such, the standard includes elevated surface requirements that make sense if acid pickling is used as the primary method for cleaning and etching the steel surface prior to a coating application. In the batch galvanizing process however, acid pickling is only one part of the cleaning process and surface etching is not needed for successful galvanizing. The acid pickling stage is followed by an acidic flux treatment, often conducted by immersion into a heated zinc-ammonium chloride solution. This galvanizing flux continues to remove surface oxides on the steel and then prevents further oxidation before galvanizing. Therefore, it is unnecessary for the acid pickling process at a galvanizing plant to be held to the requirements of SSPC-SP 8.

In the event a galvanizer is required to meet the SSPC-SP 8 standard, all parties should be aware of the following requirements which may be impractical and/or irrelevant to the purpose of achieving suitable galvanizing quality:

    • Pickling in hot or cold solutions of sulfuric, hydrochloric (muriatic), or phosphoric acid require the use of an inhibitor to minimize attack on the base metal, followed by a heated rinse above 140˚F (60˚C).
    • Pickling solutions cannot exceed a dissolved iron content of 6% in sulfuric acid baths, or 10% in hydrochloric acid baths.
    • Rinse water must be continuously comprised of only clean water or steam condensate and the total amount of acid or dissolved salts carried over into the rinse tanks must not exceed two grams per liter (0.2% by weight).
    • The galvanizer and customer must agree on a visual and/or etching standard to evaluate the acceptability of pickling.

Instead, batch hot-dip galvanizing including pre-treatment should be specified altogether using the applicable general galvanizing specification for the product to be galvanized:

    • ASTM A123 Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
    • ASTM A153 Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Hardware
    • ASTM A767 Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

These standards are written as performance-based standards, meaning the galvanizer is required to ensure a defined quality instead of a defined procedure. As the means-and-methods of cleaning the steel prior to galvanizing are left up to the galvanizer, a specific degreasing, pickling or fluxing standard is unnecessary. In fact, a galvanizer would be unable to meet the performance-based standard requirements if the steel is inadequately cleaned.

For more information on specifying hot-dip galvanized steel, please refer to the AGA publication:  Hot-Dip Galvanizing for Corrosion Protection: A Specifier's Guide.

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