White Rust: Causes and Prevention
White rust can occur on unpassivated cooling towers in service in water with a pH level above 8.2 or 8.3. If the cooling towers cannot be chromate quenched, the solution is to use a phosphate treatment and operate the tower at a pH no higher than 7.8 for a few months, then return to normal operating levels.
Wet Storage Stain Publication
Wet Storage Stain vs. White Rust Dr. Galv Article
© 2023 American Galvanizers Association. The material provided herein has been developed to provide accurate and authoritative information about after-fabrication hot-dip galvanized steel. This material provides general information only and is not intended as a substitute for competent professional examination and verification as to suitability and applicability. The information provided herein is not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of the AGA. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liability arising from such use.